Major and Minor
basics: For every major scale there is a related minor scale. These
two scales are built from the same notes:
Scale: C - D - E - F - G - A - B - C
Relative Minor Scale: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - A
only difference between the two scales is which note you start with.
The minor scale starts from the sixth note of the major scale. The scales
are called RELATIVE because they share the exact same notes.
look at a couple more keys, and I'm sure you will get the hang of this
Scale: G - A - B - C - D - E - F# - G
Relative Minor Scale: E - F# - G - A - B - C - D - E
Major Scale: D - E - F# - G - A - B - C# - D
Relative Minor Scale: B - C# - D - E - F# - G - A - B
the relative minor scale is more often called "the" minor
scale and treated as its own separate scale. As such, it's important
to understand how the minor scale is constructed. In order to see how
the minor scale is constructed, we have to compare it to the major scale
starting from the same root note as the minor scale:
major scale: A B C# D E F# G# A
Intervals: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
A minor scale: A B C D E F G A
Intervals: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 8
Compared to the major scale, the minor scale has a flattened 3, 6 and
7, so the minor scale yields this formula:
- 2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - b7 - 8
you know the formula, you can build the minor scale from any root note
without having to concern yourself with the relative major scale. This
is called PARALLEL.
methods for arriving at the minor scale are important. Know
Fingerboard: Major scale - key of C:
minor scale (key of A minor):
scale - key of C:
minor scale (key of C minor):
Practice: Draw up a chart with the notes of every major scale and relative
doing it until you don't need a stupid chart to know your scales.
work out the parallel minor scale in every key over the entire fingerboard.
take a break.
to the review